In parallel with oceanography, limnology examines physical, hydrological, chemical and biological processes and their interactions in inland waters and their watersheds
Tufa towers at Mono Lake, California
Courtesy of Valentine Eastern Sierra Reserves

MSI researchers conduct limnological studies in freshwater and saline lakes, streams and wetlands in North America and elsewhere around the world including the arctic and tropical Africa and South America.  A major focus of these studies is on interdisciplinary research aimed at measuring the sources, fluxes and fates of land-derived materials in streams, and their ecological effects on freshwater, estuarine and coastal marine habitats.

River with small mountains in background